What is Tapa?
What is Svadhyaya?
Svadhyaya simply means studying or observing oneself and identifying oneself. By studying oneself, the seeker attains the knowledge of what is right and the knowledge of karma (actions). In other words, we can say that through self-study one can attain wisdom. After attaining wisdom, a practitioner should keep searching for his faults. Svadhyaya involves constant self-searching. Therefore, a person who always studies himself always progresses in life.